Psychological disorders may lead to-PHOBIAS

1hr brk phobias 2 How To Overcome Phobias With Cannabis

Hi guys..hope everyone doing good?  Im mahnoor and today Im going to blog about some common and special phobias. In this world of good and bad everyone has a phobia which may lead to fear and difficulty achieving their goals

 

A phobia is a type of anxiety which comes from a specific object or a situation. It could be present for than six months. A person with phobia may take great lengths to avoid the fear of any situation. Women are affected about twice as often as men. Typically onset is around the age of 10 to 17. Rates become lower as people get older. People with phobias are at a higher risk of suicide

phobias are of three types:

specific phobia, social phobia, and agoraphobia

specific phobia:

specific phobia is related to certain animal or natural environment. Most common are fear of snakes, fear of cockroach or spiders, and I think everyone has this special type of phobia..I do also have haha!!. the next is fear of heights or deep water. Actually these phobias occasionally come from negative accidents that has happened in their past. Specific phobias affect about 6-8% of people in the Western world and 2-4% of people in Asia, Africa, and Latin America in a given year

social phobia:

social phobia is one of the most common in new generation it might lead youngsters to think what other people think about them, what society will say.. Girls usually face these type of fear due to negative thinking of such people.So young ones let go what people say and do what want to do and set an example for others Social phobia affects about 7% of people in the United States and 0.5-2.5% of people in the rest of the world.

agoraphobia:

agoraphobia is less common it only comes to those who give up so early who just think that there will be no escape of the situation.Everything has a solution and a escape its just the matter of thinking positive .Agoraphobia affects about 1.7% of people

treatment

specific phobia is only treated to exposure therapy when they are introduced to situation or object until the fear is resolve. social and agoraphobia is sometime treated by medication and counselling

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HUMAN FACTORS OR ERGONOMICS

HI EVERYONE

Im mahnoor and Im back with another blog post human factors or ergonomics which actually means :

Human factors (also known as ergonomics or human engineering) is a scientific discipline which examines human behavior and capabilities in order to find the best ways to design products, equipment and systems for maximum safe, effective, satisfying use by humans. Human factors faculty in our department are currently working on research in a variety of settings and from diverse perspectives areas including:

  • basic human performance – perception (auditory and visual), cognition (action-selection, memory, decision making), workload, skill acquisition, and knowledge engineering
  • human-computer interaction – web design, multi modal interfaces, and usability testing
  • aviation psychology – workload, situation awareness, and interface design for air traffic management

PHYSICAL ERGONOMICS:

physical ergonomics deals with physical activities and human anatomy   and some of the anthropometric, physiological and bio mechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Physical ergonomic principles have been widely used in the design of both consumer and industrial products. Physical ergonomics is important in the medical field, particularly to those diagnosed with physiological ailments or disorders such as arthritis(both chronic and temporary) or carpal tunnel syndrome. Many ergonomically designed products are also used or recommended to treat or prevent such disorders, and to treat pressure-related chronic pain

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COGNITIVE ERGONOMICS:

cognitive ergonomics deal with perception, way of thinking, memory,learning, mental processes, and it is helpful in the way to understand people mental health issues and reasoning and their effect on interaction to others

ORGANIZATIONAL ERGONOMICS:

it occur n social technical systems which include communication, crew resource management, work design, work systems, design of working times, teamwork, participatory design, community ergonomics, cooperative work, new work programs, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management.

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history of ancient ergonomics

The foundations of the science of ergonomics appear to have been laid within the context of the culture of Ancient Greece. A good deal of evidence indicates that Greek civilization in the 5th century BC used ergonomic principles in the design of their tools, jobs, and workplaces. One outstanding example of this can be found in the description Hippocrates gave of how a surgeon’s workplace should be designed and how the tools he uses should be arranged. The archaeological record also shows that the early Egyptian dynasties made tools and household equipment that illustrated ergonomic principles.

HF&E ORGANIZATIONS

Formed in 1946 in the UK, the oldest professional body for human factors specialists and ergonomists is The Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors, formally known as the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors and before that, The Ergonomics Society.

The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HF&ES) was founded in 1957. The Society’s mission is to promote the discovery and exchange of knowledge concerning the characteristics of human beings that are applicable to the design of systems and devices of all kinds.

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ARE YOU A VICTIM OF DEPRESSION ?

addiction-depression-and-suicide

HI everyone, I am  back with my another blog on DEPRESSION. This disorder is very common in  our society and many people around us are going through this. YOU NEED TO KNOW

After every darkness there is light..light of hope,success,opportunity!

WHAT IS DEPRESSION ?

A depression is psychological disorder or serious mental illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act.  It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. Depression makes a person isolated and feel lonely it can lower their self-esteem and make them to question “will I be loved or not?”

symptoms of depression

Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include

  1. Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
  2. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
  3. Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
  4. Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  5. Loss of energy or increased fatigue
  6. Increase in purposeless physical activity (e.g., hand-wringing or pacing) or slowed movements and speech (actions observable by others)
  7. Feeling worthless or guilty
  8. Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  9. sitting for hours in dark
  10. Thoughts of death or suicide

RESEARCHES ON DEPRESSION

A variety of researches shows that women are more than to face depression as compared to men.

  • According to biological explanations women are more common  to seek depression because women are much more subjected to fluctuating hormone  levels. This is especially the case around the time of childbirth and at the menopause, both of which are associated with an increased risk of developing depression.

women may have a stronger genetic predisposition to developing depression.

  • According to psychological explanation women are generally more invested relationships. Relationship problem are likely to effect them more than men and so they are more likely to develop depression

Another reason is women are more ruminative, hardworking, over thinker and take things more seriously though a very good thing as compared to men they react on specific issues with anger, misuse of things etc

  • According to socio cultural explanations

women work more responsibly as men do. she raise children, caring old relatives, look after house an so she is associated with depression depression-graph2

CASE OF DEPRESSION 

My depression went undiagnosed for a very long time. I say undiagnosed, but I mean unrecognized. I mean ignored. Because depression isn’t something we talk about. Depression is something other people have. It’s easy to tell yourself you’re not naturally a bright, happy person. That you’re just a bit moody, a bit grumpy. That you’re just a little bit down today.

For a long time I tried to mask my depression, and most of the time I didn’t mask it very well at all. Being afraid or unwilling to take responsibility for my mental health meant I wasn’t really living. I was hiding.

I was 30 when my doctor told me the things I was describing are the trappings of clinical depression, and I realized then that I had been living with this since adolescence. Fifteen years is a long time to lie to yourself that everything is OK.

When ignored, depression is expensive. It has cost me friendships, opportunities, my health. It has cost me a marriage. For some people it costs them everything. But it doesn’t have to.

I’m not ignoring it anymore. I’m not hiding. I talk to a therapist. I exercise. I walk to work to make sure I’m getting fresh air. I try to find the joy in things. I try to laugh, to cry, to feel. It’s just a start, but I’m happier for it.

There isn’t a cure for depression, but there are ways of coping. Silence is never one of those ways.

—Daniel Dalton

IS DEPRESSION TREATABLE ?

 

Fortunately,depression is a treatable mental illness.About 60 to 80 percent of depressed people can be treated successfully.Depending on various cases, different kind of therapies seem to work. therapies like psychotherapy, ‘talk’ therapy are proven useful

Antidepressant drug can also help

this you should do to help yourself  

  • set realistic goals and not too many tasks
  • try to be with others and confide in someone
  • surround yourself with friends, family and social gatherings
  • try to be happy even in bad circumstances

success does not come to you…you go to it 

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WHAT PSYCHOLOGY SAYS?

stock-photo-psychology-symbol-isolated-on-white-mental-health-sign-conceptual-design-108152957PSYCHOLOGIST SAYS 

  • ” if you announce your goals to other you are less likely to succeed. studies confirm you lose motivation” 
  • “if someone eats in abnormal manner he is tense”
  • “if someone cant cry he is weak” 

Hi, everyone

Im mahnoor mirza this is my second most blog post as I am less knowable how to blog and what are the tips and tricks thou still I am here to share my knowledge with the world as psychology also says “ sharing a piece of  information can increase your knowledge  

I am here to blog about human psychology and how psychology effects our life and those who are connected with us. The most question asked to every psychologist is “are you reading my mind?” “tell me what I am thinking about you ?”

The interesting thing about the question is that it really isn’t what psychologists do.studies have shown that a person’s body language and tone of speaking is more valuable to understand their problems and psyche

Sigmund_Freud_LIFESigmund Freud- psychologist and neurologist

Sigmund Freud was neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis- a clinical method for treating psychopathology through a dialogue between patient and psychoanalyst

Freud proposed a developmental theory which he named

Freud psycho social stages” 

1.oral (birth to 18 months)

this is the first stage of any child development this stage can be understand by the example if ” a child is crying over and over for and he want feed but due to any reason he is not feed by his mother he will develop a fixation and conflict may occur…he may develop a alternative way to feed him self he may develop a skill of sucking thumb or in adulthood a person may start smoking, eating, talking much , and drinking  from which he fulfill his desires

how many of you have these habits ? if I talk about myself then yes i do have habit of sucking thumb

can this be ever a problem?

yes it might be because child may surround itself with dependency with early age or hopelessness

2.anal (18 months to 3 years )

THINK DEFECATION

Freud emphasized the control defecating as a pleasure of center of age between 18 months to 3 years

some adult characteristics define the consequence of learning toilet control by parents

if you are messy it describes that expulsive rebellion against parental control

if you are withholding you have learned control to your toilet training

3.phallic (6 years)

in this stage gratification begins with autoerocitism which is masturbation but soon this need for satisfaction turn to parents opposite sex of parents

it is called Oedipus complex

in this stage a child especially a girl find a “fatherly” husband and if she failed she is fixated

4.latency (7 years to puberty) 

not much changes occur during this stage. A become calm and thinks of no rivalry but he surrounds himself with more friends. he thinks that

there’s no battle for control over satisfaction. its time to explore social world and make new relations

5.genital 

people make relationships with opposite sex and think of to spend their life with partner

Freud never stated that all people may reach this point of maturity

Continue reading “WHAT PSYCHOLOGY SAYS?”

Human pschology

Human psychology is all about higher mental cognitive processes. It deals with how human psyche is affected by environment, physical state, and mental state . Human psyche start being developed since birth to adulthood, this development involves various stages In which a child aqcuire basic skills to logical thinking and understanding things hypothetically